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Preposition + Gerund Clause

Referring to time-related activities

watching tv
 

 

Prepositional Phrase Adjuncts

PREPOSITION + NOUN PHRASE

A clause with an activity is followed by a prepositional phrase to add optional details about the activity.  The preposition may be complemented (completed) by a noun (N) or a noun phrase (NP).

MAIN CLAUSE PREP + NP

Jason read the manual

before the installation.

Jason said, "You can't turn it on

without a plug."

Jane got it working

with a different cable.

Jason was talking

about an action movie.

Jason was having vision problems

from the new TV.

Jane suggested a "night out"

instead of  TV at home. 

Jason thanked Jane

for her suggestion.   

Jason lectured

against unnecessary expenses.  

PREPOSITION + GERUND CLAUSE

 The preposition may also be complemented (completed) by a gerund clause (a.k.a. gerund phrase.)  Nonfinite Clause

MAIN CLAUSE PREP + GERUND CLAUSE

Jason read the manual

before beginning the installation.

You can't turn it on

without plugging it in.

Jane got it working

by¹ using a different cable.

Jason was talking

about seeing an action movie.

Jason was having vision problems

from watching the new TV.

Jane suggested a "night out"

instead of watching TV at home.

Jason thanked Jane

for making her suggestion.

Jason lectured

against spending money.

 

complement – a word, phrase or clause which is necessary in a sentence to complete its meaning
gerund clause – see Nonfinite Clause
noun phrase –  a noun + determiners and other modifiers

¹See By / With + Gerund  Related pages: Preposition Complements 

 

 

 

Preposition List

about

after

by

from

with

against

before

for

of

without

 

 

 

 

Common Mistakes

Errors and Solutions

 

 

ERROR SOLUTION

*I drove there without stop.

 

I drove there without stopping.

He looked scared before jumping in the pool.

He held his breath before jumping in the pool.
(Before relates two activities. The main clause cannot be a static verb.)

*Incorrect usage

 

 

 

 

Practice

Managing Headaches

headache
 

 

Complete the sentence with a preposition and gerund.

  1. Select the response from the list that best completes the sentence. 
  2. Compare your response to the feedback by clicking the "Check 1-18" button at the bottom, or click the "Check" button to the left  as you go.

 

1.
Jack had a headache before breakfast.


 

2.
Jack prefers handling it without medications.


3.
Sometimes, Jack gets rid of a head ache with a cup of coffee.


4.
Too often, Jack is thinking about his job.


5.
He gets is headaches from his anxiety.


6.
Jack prefers fun instead of work.


7.

8.
For now, Jack is against a job change.

For now, Jack is against   jobs.