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Conditionals Summary (Hypotheticals)

Diagnostic

Dobosh Torte

Quiz 1: beginning – intermediate

Quiz 2: intermediate – advanced 

Real or True Conditions

 

bee

If there are no bees, flowers will not be pollinated. (future - cause effect prediction)

If I am going to help, you need to give me your full attention. (intent)
If I am to help, you need to give me your full attention.

If you will step this way please. (request)
If you will only try a little harder, you will succeed. (indirect request)

If you won't work harder, then you will continue to fail. 
If you are unwilling to work harder, then you will continue to fail. 

 

cloth shopping bag

If I go shopping, I take a cloth bag.

 If we went shopping, the store gave us a bag. 

Whenever, we go shopping, we walk.

Unreal / Hypothetical Conditions

Jack – mowing his lawn

Jack will cut the grass if he has time.
(He doesn't know if he has time yet - maybe.)

Jack would cut the grass if he had time.
(He doesn't have time.)

Jack would cut the grass if he would / could / might / had time. (modal use)

 

 

Chess board

If I moved my pawn forward, then I could take his bishop.

 

 

Accident scene

If the second engine hadn't caught fire, the plane could have made an emergency landing.

 

 

 

Titanic

If the night watchmen had had binoculars, they would have been able to spot the iceberg earlier.

The captain could have steered directly into the iceberg causing less damage.

The Titanic should have had more lifeboats.

 

 

hungry dog

If you had fed the dog, she wouldn't be hungry now. (regret)

If I had known (that) your dog was / is aggressive,  I wouldn't have offered to feed it. (noun clause – existing truth – The dog was agressive then and still is now.)

If I had known (that) your dog was ill,  I would have offered to help it. (noun clause – earlier truth – The dog was ill at that time.)

 

Wishes

 

magic lantern

We wish to go with you. (direct request / demand)

I wish I were home in my country.  (a private thought; longing)

I wish I could go with you. (an excuse or an expression of regret)

I wish you would let me pay for dinner. (pretend regret, or upset)

I wish you'd turn that TV off!  (low expectation request; anger)
  

 

grandfather

My father wished he had gone to college. (I regret he didn't.)

My father wished that I would go to graduate school. (I did.)

I wish father had understood my appreciation.(I regret he didn't.)

I wish my son understood his grandfather's efforts. (He doesn't.)

I wish my son would understand the importance of hard work. (He might one day.)

Conditional Connectors

 

Cooking

If you cook your turkey like this, you will have a tender turkey. (if this condition is met)

Only if you cook your turkey like this, will you have a delicious dinner. (under this condition - emphasizes this specific condition) .

Unless you cook your turkey like this, you will have a tough turkey. (if this condition is not met)

Cook your turkey like this. Otherwise, you will have a tough turkey. (if using other methods)

 

cell reception on a mountain top

I don't know if my cell phone will work here.


I don't know whether my cell phone will work here.


I don't know whether my cell phone will work if I use it here.

 

shakingman

If I were/was you, I wouldn't get involved.


Were I you, I wouldn't get involved.


Had I known, I would have said something.


Should you see him again, call me immediately.

 

Earthquake

Keep some extra batteries and bottled water In case there is an earthquake.

Get away from falling objects if there is an earthquake.

 

waiter

Would you like some coffee?
Would you rather have tea or coffee?

On Sundays, we would visit our relatives

I would have stopped smoking, but it was too difficult.
I would rather have found an easy way out, but I didn't.

 

contestant

I will win this singing contest!
I thought that I would win that contest. 

The judges won't vote for me.   They refuse.
The judges wouldn't vote for me.   They refused.